Until the 19th century, the tiger’s range covered almost the whole of Asia and extended from the east of Turkey to the Russian Far East, and also included the islands of Sumatra, Java and Bali.
Today, the largest big cat is only present in 11 countries, in the wild*: Bangladesh, Bhutan, China, India, Indonesia (Sumatra), Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Nepal, Russia, and Thailand.
However, tigers are doomed to disappear in three of these countries because they have stopped breeding. In China, Laos and Myanmar, their habitat is influenced by humans and fragmented in such a way that tigers are too scarce and isolated from other to start reproducing again. There is a very high risk that these populations will become extinct in the short-term, due to lack of reproduction and because of the significant degree of human pressures (poaching of the tiger or its prey) and environmental pressures (diseases)…
In 2015, in response to the extremely urgent situation for tigers, our non-governmental organisation launched an initiative dedicated to safeguarding the species: Awely, Tigers and People. We support or coordinate four tiger conservation programmes, thanks to funding from Amneville Zoo. Research in India, anti-poaching in Bangladesh, education in Vietnam and community-based conservation in Nepal; help us to continue our actions in aid of tigers and to develop them further.
* According to the IUCN